According to the Human Development Report Issued by United Nations Program
Saudi Arabia is the “Second” in the Arab Region and the “36th” Internationally within Extremely High Human Development Countries
Saudi Arabia has achieved the second in ranking in the Arab region and the thirty-sixth globally in the list of countries with very high human development according to the Human Development Report of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for 2019.
Saudi Arabia has jumped to the rank of 36 out of 189 countries, three places ahead compared to 2018, when it was ranked 39th. The human development index aims to measure the level of welfare experienced by the people of the world in various fields, in order to provide a base which enable comparisons between countries and societies in the ability to achieve equality, justice and welfare for their people.
The UNDP is concerned with this indicator and its related annual reports to monitor the development of states in this area. The index covers several areas, including life expectancy at birth, expected years of study, average years of study, and the gross national income per capita.
The report indicated that Saudi Arabia's development index made significant progress in the period 1990-2018, which reached (0.698) points in 1990, and (0.857) in 2018. The Saudi Arabia development index also was ranked the 10th among the G20 countries.
It should be noted that the Human Development Report divides countries into four groups according to the value of the human development index. Countries with low human development in which the value of the index is less than (0.550) is the first group, then the medium human development group ranging in value between (0.550ــــ 0.699), whereas the third group is the high human development group ranging in value between (0.700 ـــ 0.799), and the fourth group is the group of countries with very high human development which is (0.800) and up.